Unformatted text preview: sed to express actions that are finished and to show that one thing comes after
another. Furthermore, there is usually a "because relationship between the two. For
Having eaten already, I turned down Megumi's invitation to dinner.
This sentence is okay.
But this next sentence is NOT okay, because the two things should be happening at
the same time (basically the same grammar point found in this question):
Having been sick and having felt tired, Alan did not want to go to work. - 27 – Powered by TestMagic www.TestMagic.com
www.sentencecorrection.com All the things in this sentence are happening at the same time, so we should NOT
use the "having + past participle" construction here.
And this sentence is incorrect because there's no "because relationship" between the
two parts of the sentence:
Having set, the Sun rose some hours later.
The Sun will set and rise no matter what; setting doesn't cause rising, so we
shouldn't use the "having + past participle" construction here.
“Modeled After” is the correct idiom
Hopefully is almost always wrong on GMAT
Usage Note: Writers who use hopefully as a sentence adverb, as in Hopefully the
measures will be adopted, should be aware that the usage is unacceptable to many critics,
including a large majority of the Usage Panel. It is not easy to explain why critics dislike
this use of hopefully. The use is justified by analogy to similar uses of many other
adverbs, as in Mercifully, the play was brief or Frankly, I have no use for your friend.
And though this use of hopefully may have been a vogue word when it first gained
currency back in the early 1960s, it has long since lost any hint of jargon or
pretentiousness for the general reader. The wide acceptance of the usage reflects popular
recognition of its usefulness; there is no precise substitute. Someone who says Hopefully,
the treaty will be ratified makes a hopeful prediction about the fate of the treaty, whereas
someone who says I hope (or We hope or It is hoped) the treaty will be ratified e...
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- Fall '13
- Grammatical number, Measure word, Collective noun