(4)1213 Level N English Richard III Notes Act 4

Now to prevent richmond from legitimizing his claim

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Unformatted text preview: ity dwells not in this eye.” (li64 sc.2) h) “I am not in the giving vein today.” (li 118 sc.2) Lesson 17: Act 4 Scenes 3 & 4 (l.1‐196): Sons and Mothers Synopsis: Scene 3: Tyrrel describes the deaths of the princes, as reported to him by the two men he engaged to murder them. Richard enters and he reports the murders. Alone, Richard shares his latest strategies with the audience: he has dealt with the princes, with Clarence’s children, and with his own wife. Now, to prevent Richmond from legitimizing his claim to the throne by marrying Elizabeth of York, he must marry her himself. Ratcliffe enters and tells Richard of more defections to Richmond. He also says that Buckingham has raised an army against him. Richard resolves to deal with him immediately. Scene 4:Old Queen Margaret reflects to the audience that England’s prosperity is turning to death and decay. She plans to live out the rest of her life in France (she was born in France) and watch things from a distance. She hears the Duchess of York and Queen Elizabeth coming and hides to hear their conversation. The two women are lamenting the sons and husbands they have both lost. Margaret comes out of hiding and once again argues that she has more cause to grieve than either of them. The women go through a list of the men they have lost. Margaret says how pleased she is that Richard has now turned on his own family. She goes through the men who have died – all those she cursed (apart from Richard) at the beginning. Margaret delights in Elizabeth’s fall, and, before she leaves, gives Elizabeth advice on learning how to curse. Richard enters on his way to war with Buckingham. The Duchess and the Queen stop him. He tries to ignore them but his mother (the Duchess) begs him to 2 listen to her. She tells him how much grief he has caused her. He says he hasn’t time to listen to her if all she wants to do is complain. She responds by cursing him and telling him that she will pray for the success of his enemies, and his own blood...
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