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(1)1213 Level N English Richard III Teachers Introduction and Act 1

Richard enters and the hostility between him and

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Unformatted text preview: , and that she will subsequently marry him. The audience also knows that (historically) Richard and Anne had a son who died at a young age, so her lines beginning ‘If ever he have child’ are also ironic. When Richard enters Anne describes him as fiend, devil and minister of hell. She also calls him a lump of foul deformity, toadand hedgehog (a nocturnal animal associated with evil). Anne enters into a verbal duel with Richard. Notice how their speeches seek to mirror and echo each other, but with opposite meaning. Richard’s ‘wooing’ of Anne is coarse and blunt. He doesn’t talk of love at first but of sharing Anne’s bedroom.Richard’s delight at achieving the conquest against all odds. He talks again at length about his deformity, showing it to be something of an obsession with him. Questions 1. What are the curses Lady Anne makes regarding any child or wife Richard may have in the future? 2. What reason does Richard give for having killed Lady Anne’s husband (Prince Edward) and father‐in‐law (King Henry VI)? 3. What action does Richard challenge Lady Anne to take? 4. What reason does Lady Anne give for rejecting Richard’s challenge? 5. What favor does Richard ask from Lady Anne? 6. What is the change in Richard that makes Lady Anne happy? 7. Why does Richard think that his success in convincing Lady Anne to consider marrying him is particularly clever? 8. Explain the following quotes: a) “Lo, in these windows that let forth thy life,/ I pour the helpless balm of my poor eyes” (l.12) b) “Avaunt, thou dreadful minister of hell.” (l. 46) c) “If I thought that, I tell thee, homicide,/ These nails should rend that beauty from my cheeks” () d) “My dukedom to a beggarly denier,/ I do mistake my person all this while:/ Upon my life, she finds, although I cannot,/ Myself to be a marvellous proper man.” (l. 256) Lesson 4: Act 1 Scene 3 Lines 1 – 181:In‐fighting: Richard against the Queen and her family Synopsis: Queen Elizabeth, wife of the sickly King Edward IV, enters with her relatives, saying she is fearful for her safety, and that of her sons, if the King dies. Richard will then become Lord Protector until her sons are old enough to rule and she knows he is hostile towards her. The dying King meanwhile wants to make peace with his noblemen and family. Richard enters and the hostility between him and the Queen and her family is apparent, with each accusing the other. Richard accuses Queen Elizabeth of causing the imprisonment of Clarence and Hastings, and his own fall from favor. The two factions launch into each other verbally and Richard gives an eloquent defence of his own and Clarence’s role in making Edward king (and thus Elizabeth queen) when, unseen at first, old Queen Margaret enters – she is the widow of the murdered King Henry VI of Lancaster. When she steps forward to confront them all they put aside their differences and unite in condemnation of her. Features: There is foreshadowing of the play’s denouement in the Queen’s speech to Derby that begins at line 20. Derby is married to the mother of Henry Tudor; she is a woman of Lancastrian descent. Derby offers his good wishes to the Queen, but she points...
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