(1)1213 Level N English Richard III Teachers Introduction and Act 1

Themurderersenterandhandbrakenburyacommissionwhatdoesi

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Unformatted text preview: t curses does Queen Margaret call down on Queen Elizabeth? How does Queen Margaret curse Rivers, Dorset and Lord Hastings? Find three different descriptions that Margaret uses for Richard. What does Richard mean when he describes Hastings, Derby and Buckingham as ‘simple gulls’ (l. 329)? 5. Why does Richard tell the murderers to avoid conversation with their victim, Clarence? 6. Explain the following quotations: a) “Why strew’st thou sugar on that bottled spider,/ Whose deadly web ensnareth thee about?” (l. 243) b) “The worm of conscience still begnaw thy soul.” (l. 222) c) “Your aery buildeth in our aery’s nest.” (l. 271) d) “O Buckingham….Look where he fawns, he bites; and when he bites,/His venom tooth will rankle to the death.” (l. 290) e) “And thus I clothe my naked villainy/ With odd old ends stolen out of Holy Writ,/ And seem a saint when most I play the devil.” (l. 337) f) “Your eyes drop millstones, when fools’ eyes drop tears.” (l. 354) Lesson 6: Act 1 Scene 4 to line 145: Clarence’s Dream Synopsis: Clarence, imprisoned in the Tower, tells his keeper Brakenbury about a strange dream. He was sailing to France with his brother Richard, who stumbles and accidentally pushes Clarence overboard into the sea. While drowning, he sees shipwrecks, dead men by the thousand, and jewels at the bottom of the sea. After ‘death’ he sees the ghosts of those whose deaths he was involved in during the recent civil war, all of whom wish ill and everlasting torment upon him. He has a foreboding of evil as he falls asleep; just then Richard’s two hired killers enter with a commission apparently from the king to deliver Clarence to their charge.Expecting the worst, Brakenbury leaves. Alone with the sleeping Clarence, the murderers discuss how to kill him. Shakespeare introduces some humor through the simplicity of the Second Murderer (a feature of his work – to introduce humor at a point where violent death is imminent – which is evident in other places, most notably in ‘Macbeth’). Tension is also introduced as the Second Murderer has a crisis of conscience and decides he wants to let Clarence live. However, the lure of Richard’s reward is too strong and overcomes both of their consciences in the end. They decide to knock Clarence unconscious and drown him in a barrel of wine. As Clarence stirs they forget Richard’s advice and decide to talk to him. Features: Clarence’s dream is the first of many significant dreams (see Major Themes and Symbols).Dramatic irony: Clarence says ‘what pain it was to drown’. The audience knows that he will be drowned in a barrel of wine. Shakespeare’s methods of heightening the tension...
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