A beautiful mind paper

A beautiful mind paper - Sue Sue and Sue(2006 define...

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Sue, Sue, and Sue (2006) define schizophrenia as a group of disorders characterized by severely impaired cognitive processes, personality disintegration, affective disturbances, and social withdrawal. Those affected with this disorder may experience a loss of contact with reality, auditory and/or visual delusions, or may develop false beliefs about themselves or others. Schizophrenia is highly recognized in the medical community for many reasons. First, the disorders are severely disabling and often require hospitalization. With the increasing costs of hospital visits and uncertainty surrounding a patient’s health insurance, financing a hospital visit can be a huge burden on families. Also, the causes of disorders associated with schizophrenia are not well known, and treatments vary in successfulness. Evidence suggests that schizophrenia cases are unique to each individual and most likely promulgated by a combination of genetic and environmental factors (Sue et al., 2006). Typically, the age of onset for schizophrenia occurs earlier in males than in females (Sue et al., 2006). Psychotic symptoms, such as hallucinations and delusions, usually emerge in men in their late teens and early 20s and in women in their mid-20s to early 30s. They seldom occur after age 45 and only rarely before puberty, although cases of schizophrenia in children as young as 5 have been reported (NIMH, 2007). However, by the mid-forties, the percentage of women being diagnosed with the disorder is greater than that of men. The reason for this increase can be attributed to menopause and the loss of estrogen a woman experiences during this time. Among the women affected by schizophrenia, those with higher estrogen levels are more likely to have better cognitive functioning. Although women are more likely to develop the disorder than men in late adulthood, the lifetime prevalence rate is higher among African Americans and lower
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among Hispanic Americans. Though only 1% of all Americans experience the disorder, roughly 2.1% of African Americans develop schizophrenia which can be explained by their lower economic status and higher divorce rates. Interestingly, researchers account the lower rate of 0.8% among Hispanic Americans to the underreporting of symptomologies and to a lower level of help seeking (Sue et al., 2006). As previously mentioned, the symptoms of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, thought disorder, and bizarre behavior. From these symptoms there appears to be three main dimensions: psychoticism, disorganization, and social functioning (Sue et al., 2006). Psychoticism, which takes the form of hallucinations and delusions, and disorganization, which includes disorganized speech and behavior, inappropriate affect, motor disturbances, and disordered thought, can be described as positive symptoms. Positive symptoms reflect an excess or distortion of normal functions and are present during the active phase of the disorder and usually disappear with treatment. The other kinds of symptoms are known as negative symptoms, and they
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course COMM 1000 taught by Professor Isaacson during the Spring '08 term at Bethany LB.

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A beautiful mind paper - Sue Sue and Sue(2006 define...

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