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When Lies Reveal Truths Deception initiates the play Measure for Measure and continues to be prevailing element throughout. The Duke of Vienna leaves Lord Angelo in charge, but he disguises himself as a friar and remains in the city so he can check up on his substitute. While masquerading as a friar, the Duke becomes aware of injustices Angelo has carried out. Consequently, the Duke encourages others to utilize deception as a way of righting wrongs. When Angelo sacrilegiously asks Isabella for sex, the Duke suggests that she switch places with Angelo’s former fiancé to mend the situation. Later on, to prevent Claudio’s beheading, the Duke switches Claudio with the head of another man. Shakespeare employs the characters in Measure for Measure to use trickery and lies as a way of revealing greater truths and carrying out justice. Under the Duke’s ruling, many laws have become quite lax because he serves as a tolerant leader. However, when he gives free reign to Angelo, a sudden harshness weighs down on the people of Vienna. The Duke’s craving for justice compels him to “bear like a true friar” and check up on Angelo’s work (I.3.47-8). Initially, he believes Angelo represents a noble and honest man capable of ruling in his place. However, the Duke’s curiosity to see “if power change purpose,” leads him to remain in town and make sure that the Angelo does not abuse his newfound leadership (I.4.54). Irony comes into play here as the Duke decides that lying and trickery will be the best ways to discover the degree of Angelo’s graciousness and fairness. Not