Many religious and secular thinkers believe that after the gradual separation between the religiou

Many religious and secular thinkers believe that after the gradual separation between the religiou

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Religious Humanism Matt Lunger REL3710 To many people religion is archaic and inept at dealing with the troubles of a new, modern, secular and cosmopolitan world. Despite this there have been many changes and movements to help reform the role of religion in the modern world, and in the years after September 11, these movements have strongly gathered momentum and religion has given itself a new place in the American government. In a global world of bioengineering, global warming and cosmopolitan cities, How does religion fit into the humanistic morality many modern states were built upon? One can think of the world as separated into two separate spheres, the “City of God”, a place of serving god and looking towards heaven and thus will receive eternal life in there, and the “City of Man” or the earthly city, where people do the opposite. These ideas were brought first by Augustine of Hippo, who claimed that above all else these two “Cities” are constantly at war (that will eventually end in a victory for the former). Augustine teaches to abandon the earthly world and live within the teachings of God to help gain salvation by living within the “City of God” and abandonment of the humanly existence that exists in the “City of Man”. Augustine’s abandonment of the “City of Man” helps to drive the separation of the religious and the secular sphere. If followers
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were to practice Augustine’s theories in practice then religion should have no part in the governing of the world as a whole, as the word of God is above such petty issues. Here, in the United States, there is a history of a separation of the church and the state. The 1 st Amendment provides both the freedom of religion and the freedom from religion, and yet in recent times there has been, especially from the Republican Party, a melding of religion and politics. After September 11 th , many Americans found it hard to comprehend such a useless, terrible and unjustifiable act of violence, and thus turned inward to faith to explain the attacks. Republican electoral victories in 2002 and 2004 are widely attributed
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course REL 3710 taught by Professor Feddon during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Many religious and secular thinkers believe that after the gradual separation between the religiou

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