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Unformatted text preview: a pattern of controlling behaviors
but can be a one-time incident. These behaviors are
used by an individual to gain and maintain power and
control over another individual in the context of a dating/partner or familial relationship. The pattern of controlling behaviors is not caused by a lack of impulse
control on the part of the abuser or as a matter of coincidence but rather is usually an ongoing effort to maintain domination over the victim to ensure submission to
the abuser’s will. This deﬁnition applies to people in
heterosexual and same-sex relationships.1
Controlling behaviors: Behaviors including, but not limited to, physical and sexual violence,2 direct and implied
threats of violence, emotional and psychological intimidation, coercion, verbal abuse, isolation, stalking,3 spiritual abuse, economic or ﬁnancial control, ridiculing religious beliefs, invasion of privacy, actual or threatened use
of weapons, threats of deportation, blackmail, destruction of property...
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