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Unformatted text preview: er than those of men. 2. Age The research findings concerning age are important given the aging of the workforce. People 50 years old and older account for 85 percent of the projected labor force growth between 1990 and 2005 (American Association of Retired Persons, 1995). Older workers are susceptible to being stereotyped as inflexible and undesirable in other ways. In some cases, workers as young as age forty are considered to be “old” and complain that their experience and skills are no longer valued. On the other hand, small businesses in particular, tend to value older workers for their experience, stability and low turnover. Research is consistent with these preferences and also shows lower avoidable absences (Mayrand, 1992). 3. Marital Status There are not enough studies to draw any conclusions about the effect of marital status on job productivity. Research consistently indicates that married employees have fewer absences, undergo less turnover, and are more satisfied with their jobs than are their unmarried coworkers (Garrison & Sikkim Manipal University 34 Foundation Of Organization Behavior Unit 3 Muchinsky, 1977). Further research needs to be conducted on the other statuses, besides, single or married, such as, divorce, domestic partnering, etc 4. Tenure The issue of the impact of job seniority on job performance has been subject of misconceptions and speculations. Extensive reviews of the seniorityproductivity relationship have been conducted (Gordon & Fitzgibbons, 1982): 1. There is a positive relationship between tenure and job productivity. 2. There is a negative relationship between tenure to absence. 3. Tenure is also a potent variable in explaining turnover. 4. Tenure has consistently been found to be negatively related to turnover and has been suggested as one of the single best predictors of turnover. 5. The evidence indicates that tenure and satisfaction are positively related Self Assessment Questions 1 1. W omen’s absenteeism rates tend to be _________ than those of...
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