Unformatted text preview: spatial visualization, and memory (Dunnette, 1976). The abilities are categorized in the following table: Description Job Example Ability to do speedy and Accountant Dimension Number aptitude accurate arithmetic Verbal Communication Read write speaking ability Senior managers Perceptual Speed Identify similarities and Investigators diff erences quickly and accurately Inductive reasoning Logical sequence drawing Market Researcher Deductive reasoning Ability to use logic and Supervisors assess the implications of the argument Spatial Visualization Ability to imagine Interior decorator Memory Ability to retain and recall Sales person past experience Remembering customer’s name Sikkim Manipal University 36 Foundation Of Organization Behavior Unit 3 Jobs differ in the demands they place on incumbents to use their intellectual abilities. A review of the evidence demonstrates that tests that assess verbal, numerical, spatial, and perceptual abilities are valid predictors of job proficiency at all levels of jobs. In this regard, the theory of multiple intelligences was developed by Gardner (1983, 1993). This theory suggests eight diff erent intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults. It has been claimed that our intelligence or ability to understand the world around us is complex. Some people are better at understanding some things than others. For some, it is relatively easy to understand how an automobile works, but it is immensely diff icult for some to understand and use a musical instrument. For others music might be easy but playing football is diff icult. The several different intelligences are listed below: 1. Linguistic intelligence ("word smart"): 2. Logicalmathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart") 3. Spatial intelligence ("picture smart") 4. BodilyKinesthetic intelligence ("body smart") 5. Musical intelligence ("music smart") 6. Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart") 7. Intrapersona...
View Full Document
- Fall '10
- ability, Manipal University, Sikkim Manipal University, SELF ASSESSMENT QUESTIONS, Foundation Of Organization Behavior