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Unformatted text preview: s one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide f or action. Social learning theory explains human behavior in terms of continuous reciprocal interaction between cognitive, behavioral, and environmental influences. W hen a systematic attempt is made to change Sikkim Manipal University 49 Learning Unit 9 individuals’ behavior by directing their learning in graduated steps, it is called shaping behavior. There are four methods of Shaping Behavior. They are: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, punishment, and extinction. Both positive and negative reinforcement result in learning. They st...
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