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Unformatted text preview: man (1999) has found six emotions which are universally recognized and applicable. They are: 1. Anger 2. Fear 3. Sadness 4. Happiness 5. Disgust 6. Surprise. Cultural specificity – Human beings are like a tabula rasa (clean tablet) on which society writes its script. In other words, culture and traditions, normative patterns and valueorientations are responsible for not only our personality development, but also appropriate social and emotional development. This makes us functional entities in society. Each culture has a unique set of emotions and emotional responses; the emotions shown in a particular culture reflects the norms, values, practices, and language of that culture . Alex ithymia – emotional disorder Some people have diff iculty in expressing their emotions and understanding the emotions of others. Psychologists call this alexithymia. People who suffer from alexithymia rarely cry and are often seen by others as bland and cold. Their own feelings make them uncomfortable, and they are not able to discriminate among their different emotions. People, suffering from alexithymia, may be effective performers in jobs where little or no emotional labor. Alexithymic symptoms may be seen in people who experience: 1. Posttraumatic stress disorder 2. Certain brain injuries Sikkim Manipal University 89 Emotions Unit 7 3. Eating disorders (i.e., bulimia, anorexia, or bingeeating disorder) 4. Substance use dependence 5. Depression 6. Other mental health conditions Relationship of gender with emotion A number of research findings supports the view that women are more emotional than men (e.g., Broverman, Vogel, Broverman, Clarkson, & Rosenkrantz, 1972; W idiger & Settle, 1987). W omen are assumed to experience more frequent and intense emotions, whereas men are assumed to be emotionally inexpressive and to have less intense emotional experiences. However, researchers have argued that the stereotype of men a...
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2014 for the course MBA mba taught by Professor Smu during the Fall '10 term at Manipal University.
- Fall '10
- The Land