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Unformatted text preview: eople engage in a desired behavior only if they are rewarded f or it and less likely to be repeated if an individual is not rewarded or punished for it David McClelland his work has helped organizations to match people with jobs and in redesigning jobs for high achievers in order to maximize their motivation potential. For example, people who have undergone achievement training in India, have been found to work longer hours, initiate more new business ventures, made greater investments in productive assets than those who did not undergo such training Fred Fiedler work in the field of leadership has contributed immensely to the growth of OB as a discipline. His work on the subject is important since it emphasized the situational aspects of leadership and attempted to develop a comprehensive theory of leadership behavior Fredrick Herzberg his primary interest was in finding out answer to the question: what do individuals want from their jobs? He concluded from his study that people preferred jobs that provided opportunities for recognition, achievement, responsibility and growth. Only providing the Sikkim Manipal University 27 Organizational Behavior Unit 2 hygiene factors were insuff icient to motivate people in work places. This work is significant to OB as it has helped in enriching jobs and the quality of work life in modern organizations. E. OB is present times W hat is realized today is that no one theory by itself can improve organizational functioning and effectiveness. W hat, therefore, is suggested is a contingency approach. W hile the 1960s and 70s witnessed the development of new theories the efforts since then has been on refining existing theories, clarifying previous assumptions and identifying significant contingency variables. The emphasis today is on understanding the situational factors and how they influence a behavior pattern of individuals in organizational contexts. Landmark publications on organizational behavior » 1911: Frederick Taylor: Principles of Scientific Management » 1916: Henri Fayol: General and Industrial Management » 1924: MaxW eber: The Theory of Social and Economic Organization » 1933: Elton Mayo: Human Problems of an Industrial Civilization » 1938: Chester Barnard: The Functions of the Executive » 1954: Abraham Maslow: Motivation and Personality » 1956: W illiam W hyte: The Organization Man » 1959: Frederick Herzberg: The Motivation to Work » 1960: Douglas McGregor: The Human Side of Enterprise » 1964: Robert Blake and Jane Mouton: The Managerial Grid » 1973: Henry Mintzberg: The Nature of Managerial Work » 1978: Chris Argyris and Donald Schon: Organizational Learning » 1979: Reg Revans: Action Learning » 1981: Richard Pascale and Anthony Athos: The Art of Japanese Management » 1982: Tom Peters and Bob W aterman: In Search of Excellence » 1984: Meredith Belbin: Management Teams » 1985: Edgar Schein: Organizational Culture and Leadership » 1986: Gareth Morgan: Images of Organization Sikkim Manipal University 28 Organizational Behavior Unit...
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This note was uploaded on 03/01/2014 for the course MBA mba taught by Professor Smu during the Fall '10 term at Manipal University.
- Fall '10
- The Land