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Unformatted text preview: the managerial style of the organization’s senior executives. CEOs, by virtue of their managerial styles create an organizational culture which reflects tension, fear, and anxiety. They overemphasize tight control, hire and fire policies which keep organizational members on hot seat and create stress among them. 3. Individual factors:
· These are factors in the employee’s personal life. Primarily, these factors are family issues, personal economic problems, and inherent personality characteristics. Sikkim Manipal University 179 Stress Management · Unit 13 Broken families, wrecked marriages and other family issues may create stress at workplace as well. · Economic problems created by individuals overextending their financial resources. Spending more than earnings stretches financial positions, create debt situation leading to stress among individuals. · A significant individual factor influencing stress is a person’s basic dispositional nature. Over suspicious anger and hostility increases a person’s stress and risk for heart disease. These individuals with high level of mistrust for others also cause stress for themselves. 4. Stressors are additivestress builds up. Individual Differences 1. Five individual difference variables moderate the relationship between potential stressors and experienced stress: a. Perception b. Job experience c. Locus of control d. Selfefficacy e. Hostility a. Perception: Moderates the relationship between a potential stress condition and an employee’s reaction to it. Stress potential doesn’t lie in objective conditions; it lies in an employee’s interpretation of those conditions. b. Job experience: The evidence indicates that experience on the job tends to be negatively related to work stress. First is the idea of selective withdrawal. Voluntary turnover is more probable among people who experience more stress. Sikkim Manipal University 180 Stress Management Unit 13 Second, people eventually develop coping mechanisms to deal with stress. Collegial relationships with coworkers or supervisors can buffer the impact of stress. c...
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- Fall '10