5 poweringroupscoalitions

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Unformatted text preview: s involved, however. Sikkim Manipal University 154 Power And Politics Unit 11 Thus in empowerment the basic issues which should be addressed are: Training people in lower ranks how to function in the new empowered position. Using or unleashing power correctly is also an issue and most importantly the authority, responsibility and the accountability process should be clearly outlined so as not to upset organizational power equations. Just apportioning power at lower levels without giving the knowledge of how to use it can actually create havoc in the organizations. Self Assessment Questions 3 1. _____________ is the process by which managers help others to acquire and use the power required to make decisions affecting both themselves and their work. 2. W hen an organization attempts to move power down the ________, it must also alter the existing pattern of position power 11.5 Power In Groups: Coalitions Individuals who lose power or are out of power seek to increase their power individually. If they fail to do so, then the alternative is to form a coalition—an informal group bound together by the active pursuit of a single issue. The natural way to gain influence is to become a power holder but this may be diff icult, risky, costly, or impossible. · In such an event, efforts are directed towards forming a coalition of two or more “outs” who, by coming together, can combine their resources to increase rewards for themselves. Successful coalitions have been found to contain fluid membership and are able to f orm swiftly, achieve their target issue, and quickly disappear disintegrate. There are a couple of predictions about coalition formation. They are as follows: · First, coalitions in organizations often seek to maximize their size. Decision­making in organizations does not end just with selection f rom among a set of alternatives, but require to be implemented. The implementation of an commitment to the decision is as important as the Sikkim Manipal University 155 Power And Politics Unit 11 decision. It is essential for coalitions within organizations to seek a broad constituency and there may be expansion in coalition to help in consensus building · Another prediction relates to the degree of interdependence within the organization. More coalitions are likely be created where there is a great deal of task and resource interdependence. In contrast, there will be less interdependence among subunits and less coalition formation activity where subunits are largely self­contained or resources are in plenty. · Finally, coalition f ormation will be influenced by the actual tasks that workers perform. In general, the more routine the task of a group, the greater the likelihood that coalitions will form. Self Assessment Questions 4 1. Successful coalitions have been found to contain ___________ membership. 2. More coalitions are likely be created where there is a great deal of task and resource __________________. 3. Coalition formation will be influenced by the __________ tasks that workers perform. 11.6 Politics: Power In Action Politics is defined as those activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role in the organization, but that influence, or attempt to influence, the distribution of advantages...
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