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Unformatted text preview: ar linkage. Maintain equity Rewards should be perceived by employees as equating with the inputs they bring to the job, i.e; experience, skills, abilities, effort, and other obvious inputs should explain differences in performance and, hence, pay, job assignments, and other obvious rewards. Selfassessment questions 3 1. Employees should have ____________ and specific goals. 2. Rewards should be ___________ on performance. 9.5 Motivational Tools Some of the most important motivational tools have been discussed below. Management by Objective (MBO) Management by objectives emphasizes participatively set goals that are tangible, verifiable, and measurable. Four ingredients common to MBO programs are: goal specificity, participative decision making, an explicit time period, and performance feedback (Robbins, 2003). Sikkim Manipal University 124 Motivation Unit 9 Goal specificity: The objectives in MBO should be concise statements of expected accomplishments. Participative decision making: 1 The manager and employee jointly choose the goals and agree on how they will be measured. An explicit time period: Each objective has a specific time period in which it is to be completed. Performance feedback Continuous feedback on progress toward goals is provided so that workers can monitor and correct their own actions. MBO and GoalSetting Theory is closely linked. Goalsetting theory proposes that tangible goals result in a higher level of individual performance than do easy goals. Feedback on one’s performance leads to higher performance. MBO also directly advocates specific goals and feedback, implies that goals must be perceived as feasible and is most effective when the goals are difficult enough to require stretching. Employee Recognition Programs Employee recognition programs consist of personal attention, expressing interest, approval, and appreciation for a job well done. They can take numerous forms. Employee Recognition Programs has close link with Reinforcement Theory. Both the concept advocate that rewarding a behavior with recognition would lead to its repetition. Recognition can take many forms, such as, personally congratulating an employee, sending a handwritten note or an email message or declaring the employee as a valuable contributor to the organizational objective. Employee Involvement Employee involvement includes, participative management, workplace democracy, empowerment, and employee ownership. Employees’ involvement in the decision making would positively affect them and by increasing their autonomy and control over their work lives, employees will become Sikkim Manipal University 125 Motivation Unit 9 more motivated, more committed to the organization, more productive, and more satisfied with their jobs. Some forms of employee involvement have been discussed here: participative management, representative participation, quality circles, and employee stock ownership plans. Participative management: The logic behind participative management is: a. Manager...
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- Fall '10