Eachelementisexplainedbrieflybelow 1 formalleadership

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Unformatted text preview: egatively evaluated characteristics such as authoritarianism, dominance, and unconventionality tend to be negatively related to the dependent variables. 3. No single personality characteristic is a good predictor of group behavior. Sikkim Manipal University 137 Group Behavior Unit 10 Self­ assessment questions 4 1. Attributes that have a positive connotation in our culture tend to be ____________ related to group productivity, morale, and cohesiveness 2. No ___________ personality characteristic is a good predictor of group behavior. 10.6 Group Structure W ork groups in order to function as a coordinated unit need to have a proper structure where there must be certain elements like formal leadership, role clarity among group members. In the absence of these factors groups not only become conflict ridden , but also suffer from confusion, and function on a sub optimal level. Each element is explained briefly below: 1. Formal Leadership Almost every work group must have a formal leader, which istypically identified by a title. The leader can play an important part in the group’s success. 2. Roles All group members are actors, where each is playing a role. W hile some of these roles may be compatible others create conflicts. Different groups impose different role requirements on individuals. 3. Role perception For playing one’s role effectively in a group, one’s view of how one is supposed to act in a given situation must be clear leading to clear role perception. By watching and imitating senior members of a group the new comers learn how to take on their roles effectively and also learn how to play them well. 4. Role expectations Tuning oneself and behaving in a socially desirable manner is a part of fulfilling role expectations in a given situation in the context of achieving group goals and organizational goals. Sikkim Manipal University 138 Group Behavior 1 . Unit 10 Role conflict W hen a group member is faced with the challenge of playing multiple roles, role conflict may occur due to inability of the individual to balance all the roles effectively, thereby reducing role effectiveness, hampering the group and organizational goal attainment process. Self­ assessment questions 5 1. By watching and imitating __________ members of a group the new comers learn how to take on their roles effectively and also learn how to play them well. 2. Role _________ is tuning oneself and behaving in a socially desirable manner is a part of fulfilling role expectations in a given situation in the context of achieving group goals and organizational goals. 3. W hen a group member is faced with the challenge of playing multiple roles, role _______ may occur 10.7 Norms All groups have norms—“acceptable standards of behavior that are shared by the group’s members.” Norms serve as a guideline for members detailing what they ought and ought not to do under certain circumstances. Though a work group’s norms are unique, yet there are still some common classes of norms. They are: Performance norms which comprise the fo...
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