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Formal groups come into existencefor serving

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Unformatted text preview: domination—the group’s decision may be forced by one individual or a small coalition. 3. Time demands—with more people involved in the dialogue and discussion, group decisions usually take longer to make than individual decisions. 10.10 Understanding Work Teams A team is a small group of people with complementary skills, who work actively together to achieve a common purpose for which they hold themselves collectively accountable (Katzenbach & Smith, 1993). Team building is a collaborative way to gather and analyze data to improve teamwork (Schermerhorn et al 2002). Team has following advantages (Robbins, 2003): Ø Teams typically outperform individuals. Ø Teams use employee talents better. Ø Teams are more flexible and responsive to changes in the environment. Ø Teams facilitate employee involvement. Ø Teams are an effective way to democratize an organization and increase motivation. Types of Teams The various types of teams have been described below: Problem solving teams – small groups f rom same department who meet regularly to discuss ways of improving quality and eff iciency. Self­managed teams – small groups who take responsibilities of their own targets. Sikkim Manipal University 143 Group Behavior Unit 10 Cross­functional team – Employees f rom diff erent work areas but from same hierarchical level, come together to accomplish a task. Virtual team – team members, who are physically dispersed, use computer technology to connect with each other, Self­ assessment questions 9 1. Team building is a ____________ way to gather and analyze data to improve teamwork. 2. In ___________________ team – Employees from different work areas but from same hierarchical level, come together to accomplish a task. 10. 11 Summary A group may be defined as a collection of two or more people who work with one another regularly to achieve common goals. Groups can be of two types: Formal and Informal. Formal groups come into existence for serving a specific organizational purpose. Individuals’ behaviors in this type of group is aimed at achieving organizational goals. An informal group is neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. The Five­Stage Model of group development has five stages: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing and Adjourning. Punctuated equilibrium model of group development proposes that temporary groups with deadlines do not seem to follow...
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