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But it is equallyclear that smith does not knowthat e

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Unformatted text preview: yclear that Smith does not knowthat (e) is true; for (e) is true in virtue of the number of coins in Smith's pocket, while Smith does not know how many coins are in Smith'spocket, and bases his belief in (e) on a count of the coins in Jones's pocket, whom he falsely believes to be the man who will get the job. CaseII: Let us suppose that Smith has strong evidence for the following proposition: (f) Jones owns a Ford. Smith'sevidence might be that Jones has at all times in the past within Smith's memory owned a car, and always a Ford, and that Jones has just offered Smith a ride while driving a Ford. Let us imagine, now, that Smith has another friend, Brown, of whose whereabouts he is totally ignorant. Smith selects three place-namesquite at random, and constructsthe following three propositions: (g) Either Jones owns a Ford, or Brown is in Boston; CIRCULARITY AND INDUCTION 123 (h) Either Jones owns a Ford, or Brown is in Barcelona; (i) Either Jones owns a Ford, or Brown is in Brest-Litovsk. Each of these propositionsis entailedby (f). Imaginethat Smithrealizes the entailmentof each of these propositions he has constructedby (f), and proceeds to accept (g), (h), and (i) on the basis of (f). Smith has correctlyinferred(g), (h), and (i) from a proposition for which he has strong evidence. Smith is therefore completely justified in believing each of these three propositions. Smith, of course, has no idea where Brown is. But imagine now that two further conditions hold. First, Jones does notown a Ford, but is at presentdrivinga rentedcar.And secondly, by the s...
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