Unformatted text preview: favorable and unfavorable components Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Erikson’s Stages
Erikson Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion (review each on your own) Initiative vs. Guilt
Initiative vs. Guilt 3 to 6 years Magical thinking Belief that thoughts are all powerful Imaginary friends Piaget
Cognitive Development Sensorimotor: 02 years Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Preoperational: 27 years Concrete operations: 711 years Formal operations: 11 years to adulthood (review each on your own) Physical Milestones
Physical Milestones Height 50% increase in 1st year Weight doubles by 47 months, triples by first birthday Teething begins around 6 months with lower incisors. 68 teeth by first birthday Skill Attainment
Skill Attainment First Year 2 months coos 4 months head control 7 months transfers objects 8 months sits unsupported Review “Birth to One Year” chart in the HESI manual. 9 month crawls 12 month walk with assistance Years two and three
Years two and three 12 years –builds a tower of 4 blocks
–runs, walks up stairs 23 years –draws a circle
–jumps, throws overhand Denver Developmental Denver Developmental (DDSTII) Infants and children to age 6 – Personalsocial
– Fine motor adaptive
– Gross motor DDSTII Sample
DDSTII Sample 79 month old – Personal social: plays patacake
– Fine motor adaptive: passes cube hand to hand
– Language: mama, dada, nonspecific
– Gross motor: pulls to standing Behavior guidance
Behavior guidance Teething: Treatments?
Thumbsucking: OK or not?
Temper tantrums: Help!
Discipline: How? PHYSICAL ASSESSMEN...
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