N331 - Lecture 2 Growth & Development

Mistrust autonomyvsshame initiativevsguilt

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Unformatted text preview: favorable and unfavorable components Erik Erikson (1902-1994) Erikson’s Stages Erikson Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion (review each on your own) Initiative vs. Guilt Initiative vs. Guilt 3 to 6 years Magical thinking Belief that thoughts are all powerful Imaginary friends Piaget Piaget Cognitive Development Sensorimotor: 0­2 years Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Pre­operational: 2­7 years Concrete operations: 7­11 years Formal operations: 11 years to adulthood (review each on your own) Physical Milestones Physical Milestones Height 50% increase in 1st year Weight doubles by 4­7 months, triples by first birthday Teething begins around 6 months with lower incisors. 6­8 teeth by first birthday Skill Attainment Skill Attainment First Year 2 months coos 4 months head control 7 months transfers objects 8 months sits unsupported Review “Birth to One Year” chart in the HESI manual. 9 month crawls 12 month walk with assistance Years two and three Years two and three 1­2 years –builds a tower of 4 blocks –runs, walks up stairs 2­3 years –draws a circle –jumps, throws overhand Denver Developmental Denver Developmental (DDST­II) Infants and children to age 6 – Personal­social – Fine motor adaptive – Language – Gross motor DDST­II Sample DDST­II Sample 7­9 month old – Personal social: plays pat­a­cake – Fine motor adaptive: passes cube hand to hand – Language: mama, dada, nonspecific – Gross motor: pulls to standing Behavior guidance Behavior guidance Teething: Treatments? Thumb­sucking: OK or not? Temper tantrums: Help! Toilettraining: When? Discipline: How? PHYSICAL ASSESSMEN...
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