Goffmanu2019s Dramaturgical Theory - Goffmans...

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Goffman’s Dramaturgical Theory A) What is Dramaturgical Theory?B)The Role1)Role2) Role Performance3) Role Distance C)The Stage1)The Front Stage -for goffman the front stage is an area where the social actor performs a role for an audience owithin the front stage he distinguished two parts:the setting : refers to the physical scene where social actor gives a performance for an audience for our waiter what would be the setting? It would be the dining room and the audience would be all of the customers the personal front : refers to the props and the behavior that the audience associates with the actor in that setting appearance : includes those items that reveal the social actor’s status to the audienceoex: waiter > uniform associated with the restaurant, trays of food, menu are going to signal to the audience that he is a waiter manner : tells the audience what sort of role the social actor will play 2)The Back Stage-is adjacent to the front stage -the social actor can step out of the role and not be seen by the audience -for our waiter the back stage would be the kitchen, dining room is the setting for the front stageobecause the kitchen is an area that most diners cant see it, and often times cant hearocan go to backstage and get out of role, stop giving a performance owaiter can complain about customer, who he is being nice to in the front stage ocan behave as the actor normally would D)Impression Management -is an attempt by individuals to influence the views that others have of them -in relation to front and back stage :
oin the front stage people attempt to generate a favorable impression, this is what ppl. Do when they are interacting with strangers and acquaintances owaiter: give a performance to get a good tip after, job interviews: people give a performance, present themselves in the most favorable way, while on a date: in hope that they will get a second date oin the back stage people do not try to generate a favorable impression is because they are not interacting with a different set of people > people who know them E)The Self in Dramaturgical Theory1)Presentation of Self in Everyday Life-he argued that through impression management, individuals try to present themselves that’s going to be accepted by others -he saw the self as the product of interaction between: othe social actor othe audience othe social actor is going to try to give a performance that presents a

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