Lecture Notes 12

8 9 galtons vision hereditary talent and character

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Unformatted text preview: book drove away the constraint of my old superstition as if it had been to give me freedom of thought.” 8 9 Galton’s vision “Hereditary Talent and Character”, 1865         Humans are evolved animals Mental as well as physical characteristics are overwhelmingly the result of inheritance The “ ” of civilization means that natural aptitude is not reliably favored by natural selection Therefore…“If a twentieth part of the cost and pains were spent in measures for the improvement of the human race that is spent on the improvement of the breed of horses and cattle, what a galaxy of genius might we not create!” 10 Galton’s social hierarchy of genetic worth Criminals, undesirables Poor and low paid Low social and genetic desirability Respectable working class Skilled workmen, clerks, foremen, tradesmen Independent workers, large company owners High social and genetic desirability Eugenics "Eugenics is the study of the agencies under social control that seek to improve or impair the racial qualities of future generations either physically or mentally." Francis Galton, Inquiries into Human Faculty and its Development, 1883 12 12 “Positive” and “negative” eugenics   Positive eugenics –  Encouraging those of high eugenic worth to have children   Negative eugenics –  Discouraging/preventin...
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This document was uploaded on 03/02/2014 for the course STS 009 at MIT.

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