Lecture Notes 7

William buckland geology and mineralogy considered

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Unformatted text preview: ct that a large proportion of these remains belong to extinct genera, and almost all of them to extinct species, that lived and multiplied and died on or near the spots where they are now found, shows that the strata in which they occur were deposited slowly and gradually, during long periods of time, and at widely distant intervals.” William Buckland, Geology and Mineralogy Considered With Reference to Natural Theology, 1837 8 The “evolutionists”   Evolutionary ideas of all sorts proliferated in Enlightenment Europe   The “nebular hypothesis” was essentially an evolutionary cosmology   2 generations of leading French naturalists in the 18th century played with notions of “transformism”, or what we would call evolution 9 Georges Luis-Leclerc, Comte de Buffon, 1707-78   French naturalist & cosmologist   Director, Jardin du Roi, Paris, 1739-78   His 35 volume Histoire Naturelle was one of the great works of the French Enlightenment   Suggested species may have improved or degenerated from original points of creation 10 Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, Chevalier de Lamarck, 1744-1829   Student of Buffon   Much given to wideranging theorizi...
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