The Taisho Period and the 20s (text)

The Taisho Period and the 20s (text) - The Taisho...

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The Taisho Period (1912-1926) and the Twenties The Taisho Political Crisis: 1912-1913 Financial conditions forced a cutback in government spending impossible to fund both the Seiyukai’s domestic program & the two new divisions for the army December 1912, Prime Minister Saionji was forced out of office Katsura’s resitnation Attempted to organize a strong party to defeat the Seiyukai but failed Tried to obtain an imperial order forcing the Seiyukai to give up its no-confidence motion but did not work Party majority in the Diet, backed by public opinion, had overthrown a cabinet Threats to Seiyuka: Kato Takaaki: help Katsura’s coalition together with the help of a strong party Seiyukai faced a rival for control of the lower house Three prime minsters before Hara (1918): Yamamoto Gomaei (1913-1914): military bureaucrat from Satsuma Okuma Shigenobu (1914-1916): intent on destroying the Seiyukai but failed Terauchi Masatake (1916-1918): Choshu general who had been governor-general of Korea Okuma and Terauchi governments guided Japan during WWI Japan during World War I August 1914, Japan declared war on Germany seized German holdings in Shandong & the German islands in the Pacific January 1915, presented 21 Demands to China under Okuma Japan obtained rights General Yamagata: criticized the policy who wanted to be on good terms with China in order to fight a war against the West Prevention of the extension of Bolshevik power over territory Mid-summer 1918, controlled the eastern Trans-Siberian Railway & Vladivostok Failure was apparent by 1920 but Japanese troops did not withdraw until 1922
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Economic expansion due to war inflation price of rise rose Worker’s wagers & income of traditional occupations (fishing) remained stagnant people could no longer afford basic food rice riots (1918) Solution: bring down the Terauchi government Parliamentary Government: 1918-1924 Hara Kei (1918): initiated only minor changes Turned a deaf ear to demands of universal suffrage Retained a tax qualification of voting Reconstructed local electoral districts in favor of the Seiyukai Abuse in office, financial scandals, narrow partisanship Policy of cooperation with the U.S.
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