Continental East Asia and Imperial Japan pt.3 (text)

Continental East Asia and Imperial Japan pt.3 (text) -...

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Korea Japanese Colonial Rule Korea lost right to assemble and free speech Japanese land survey& land development companies lost land Appointment of Japanese bureaucrats to administer provinces lost right to participate in local affairs Japanese hired policemen Terauchi Masatake (1909-1919): army general in Korea who was the colony’s chief executive, chief justice, and its only legislator Commanded the Chosen Army; personal command of the police/gendarmes ( kempeitai ) Colony acquired a bureaucracy that was a completely separate & autonomous structure – financed itself through its own system of revenue collection Imprisoned groups & individuals who were potential rally points for Korean resistance with little evidence Promulgated laws that imposed standards for licenses to teach, practice medicine, handle money as a tool to punish/reward Koreans according to cooperation Land survey (1910-1918); classified land according to use and type & required owners to produce roof of ownership trapped many of Korea’s poorest peasants (squatters, tenant farmers, sharecroppers) into losing their livelihoods when they could not produce documents, while landowners were able to increase land holdings gap between rural landlords & poor peasants widened by colonial policy Controlled transportation, communications, banking, manufacturing, Japanese goods flooded the Korean retail market Introduced mass education at the elementary level – produce “loyal and obedient” subjects of the Japanese emperor Only a small percentage of Korean children went to government school The Independence Movement Independence Movement/”Samil Movement,” 1919~late 1920: coalition of religious
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leaders signed a declaration of independence and started a nationwide wave of protests Terauchi responded with great violence, using kempeitai , army, police, firemen Embarrassed the Japanese more moderate approach in Chosen Saito Makoto (1919-1927): admiral in Korea who ushered a period of “cultural rule” to persuade Koreans to support the colonial program and accept Japanese direction Granted concessions that were symbolic but did not undermine Japanese power Allowed Koreans to start this own Korean-language newspapers & magazines Established a government university in Korea
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