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review for criminology - Exam 2 Review Criminology What is...

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Exam 2 Review – Criminology What is the most commonly reported property crime? Larceny-theft The least common? Motor vehicle theft (?) What is the most commonly reported violent crime? Aggravated assault The least common? Rape (homicide?) How do the Part I crimes rank from most commonly reported to least commonly reported? o Larceny-theft o Burglary o Motor vehicle theft o Aggravated assault o Robbery o Rape o Arson o Homicide What are clearance rates? The amount of crimes “cleared” which means someone has been arrested for the crime, charged, and the case has been turned over to prosecution. It does not matter if the prosecutor pursues the case or the end result of the case. Do property crimes or violent crimes have higher clearance rates? Violent crimes. What is the clearance rate for violent crimes? 44.3 For property crimes? 15.8 Which violent crime has the highest clearance rate? Homicide Which of the violent crimes has the lowest clearance rate? MV theft and burglary According to the NCVS, approximately what percentages of index offenses (violent and property) are reported to the police? 38% of property crimes, 49% of violent crimes. Overall, why are the Part II offenses important to consider? Because they account for 85% of all arrests Approximately what percentage of arrests in any given year do all Part II offenses comprise? 85% Part I offenses? 14%
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What single crime overall accounts for the largest percentage of arrests? Drug abuse violations (largest is possession vs. manufacturing) What Part I crime accounts for the largest percentage of arrests for Part I offenses? Aggravated assault What is the largest reported category of hate crimes? Destruction (of property) What is the largest reported source of bias for hate crimes? Race What is the relationship between gender and crime? Males are disproportionately over- involved in offending for most offenses and females are disproportionately under-involved. Overall, what percentage of all arrests involves male offenders? 76.3% What percentage of arrestees for Part I crimes are female? 27.4% What index crime are women most likely to be arrested for and how does this impact the gender gap in criminal behavior (if we only look at arrests for index crimes)? Larceny-theft, which has the majority of arrests for part I crimes. This helps to close the gender gap (?). What are the explanations for the relationship between gender and crime? The Emancipation Thesis which proposes that as a result of the 1960s women’s movement, women have become socially and culturally more like men and since they experience strain similar to that experienced by men they show similar patterns of crime and higher female crime rates. In addition, the reduced chivalry explanation and the changes in opportunity/economic marginalization.
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