This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: stricted sample” excludes island
and North African countries. The “geography controls” are distance from equator, longitude, lowest monthly
rainfall, avg max humidity, avg min temperature, and ln(coastline/area). The ﬁrst-stage estimates are reported in the bottom panel of
the table. The coefﬁcients for the instruments are generally negative, suggesting that the further a country was from slave markets, the fewer slaves it exported.16 The exception is the distance
16. The speciﬁcations assume a linear ﬁrst-stage relationship. The estimates
are similar if one also allows for a nonlinear relationship between slave exports Possible Channels of Causality
Channels through which slave trade may affect current economic
(1) Slave trades weaken ties between villages discourage
formation of larger communities and broader ethnic identities
Evidence shows that ethnic fractionalization reduces provision of public
goods (education, health facilities, access to water, transportation,
infrastructure) important for economic development 164 QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF ECONOMICS FIGURE VI
Relationship between Slave Expor...
View Full Document
This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course ECON 541 at The University of British Columbia.
- Spring '14