And epigene4c transmission inherited directly from

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Unformatted text preview: r, economic outcomes) using second- genera>on immigrants •  Alesino, Guiliano and Nunn (2011) •  Ancestral use of plough associated with lower female workforce par>cipa>on •  Bisin and Verdier, 2000,2001 •  Introduce parental decisions into transmission mechanism. Parents are altruis>c, but limited by their own cultural perspec>ve (“imperfect empathy”). Gives different evolu>onary predic>ons, par>cularly regarding cultural assimila>on and persistence of cultural differences. •  Francois, 2002; Francois and Zabojnik, 2005; Algan and Cahuc, 2010 •  Transmission of “trustworthiness”, and the effect on economic growth iterature Review Dual Transmission, Direct Effects •  Boyd, Gin>s, Bowles and Richardson, 2003; Gin>s, Bowles, Boyd and Fehr, 2003; Bowles and Gin>s, 2011 •  Gene- culture interac>ons and the evolu>on of altruis>c behavior •  Group selec>on as driving force for coopera>on •  Social emo>ons (shame, guilt) as complementary biological component iterature Review Barrier Effects (Any transmission) •  Guiso, Sapienza and Zingales, 2009; Felbermayr and Toubal, 2010 •  Barriers to trade from cultural differences (measured by soma>c distance*, vo>ng paNerns in Eurovision Song Contest) *Soma>c distance is based on visible traits, in this case height, shape of skull, and hair colour •  Belloc and Bowles, 2010 •  Interac>ons between trade and cultural diversity maintain cultural differences and barriers to trade, but also promote specializa>on and compara>ve advantage. •  Spolaore and Wacziarg, 2009, 2011 •  Cultural differences as barriers to technology diffusion...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course ECON 541 at The University of British Columbia.

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