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Unformatted text preview: .9% 0.0% 89.4% 51.8% 4.4% 0.8% 5.1% 0.0% 0.0% % HHs with any Festival Festivals Expenditure 59.9% 7.7% 99.4% What do the poor own Poor do own small amounts of land varies by country Very little in the way of productive assets despite that run their own business 31 Table 4: What do the poor own Radio Living on less than $1 a day Rural Cote d'Ivoire Guatemala India - Hyderabad India - Udaipur India - UP/Bihar Indonesia Mexico Nicaragua Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru South Africa Tanzania Timor Leste Urban Cote d'Ivoire Guatemala India - Hyderabad India - Udaipur India - UP/Bihar Indonesia Mexico Nicaragua Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru South Africa Tanzania Timor Leste Living on less than $2 a day Rural Cote d'Ivoire Guatemala India - Hyderabad India - Udaipur India - UP/Bihar Indonesia Mexico Nicaragua Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru South Africa Tanzania Timor Leste Urban Cote d'Ivoire Guatemala India - Hyderabad India - Udaipur India - UP/Bihar Indonesia Mexico Nicaragua Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru South Africa Tanzania Timor Leste Percent of Households with: Television Bicycle Land 43.3% 58.5% 14.3% 20.3% 34.4% 23.1% 62.7% 36.7% 11.4% 28.3% 0.0% 7.3% 26.5% 13.5% 65.8% 98.9% 59.3% 23.1% 43.6% 18.0% 73.3% 72.2% 8.3% 14.3% 3.3% 0.0% 9.8% 7.2% 0.0% 0.6% 44.1% 16.2% 41.3% 11.1% 27.0% 0.0% 5.3% 9.8% 20.0% 49.6% 4.0% 50.4% 30.4% 85.1% 0.9% 65.5% 1.4% 92.3% 95.2% 5.2% 58.5% 57.3% 57.0% 39.4% 17.6% 39.0% 14.4% 40.4% 10.7% 37.1% 15.0% 1.5% 51.7% 69.3% 36.1% 21.1% 0.0% 78.8% 71.4% 0.0% 9.8% 1.3% 10.9% 0.0% 46.6% 26.7% 0.3% 0.6% 0.8% 8.6% 0.0% 71.9% 89.8% 70.4% 59.7% 44.9% 18.6% 23.0% 25.4% 58.7% 38.8% 16.1% 34.2% 1.6% 9.1% 33.2% 16.1% 68.2% 98.9% 57.2% 30.6% 55.7% 27.4% 76.7% 79.0% 19.2% 13.3% 10.6% 1.4% 20.9% 16.5% 0.1% 0.4% 49.6% 15.7% 52.2% 19.4% 30.1% 4.2% 6.9% 10.2% 19.5% 1.2% 66.8% 5.5% 91.7% 92.6% 11.9% 46.6% 68.4% 73.6% 42.1% 20.2% 59.9% 38.1% 42.4% 49.2% 46.1% 82.1% 78.3% 14.3% 50.9% 2.3% 47.9% 35.1% 70.5% 54.5% 70.0% 0.0% 62.4% 38.3% 1.0% 3.2% 43.0% 33.0% 38.4% 34.7% 9.6% 15.1% 12.8% 1.8% 13.9% 35.2% 11.5% 1.6% 0.0% 8.8% 2.5% 61.2% 60.3% Should we worry that poor are buying less food than they can afford? Evidence that they consume fewer calories than recommended Health concerns – underweight and malnourished, infant diseases, vision problems, … Poor do not generally complain but do report that they are under a great deal of stress both financially and psychologically often due to health concerns Low spending on education though generally attend publicly funded schools 33 How do the poor earn their money (1) Entrepreneurship: raise a very small amount of capital carry out investment full residual claimant for earnings businesses are remarkably small scale no paid staff only family members 34 (2) Multiple Occupations: Rural areas everyone owns some land does some agriculture (not necessarily mainstay of household) also daily labourers outside agriculture 35 (3) Temporary Migration: non-agricultural work requires temporary migration (nearby factory, etc) permanent migration is rare (4) Lack of Specialization: Poor seek out opportunities but do not get too specialized Jobs require little specific skills 36 Table 6: How the poor earn their money: Occupation Percent of Median Ares Percent of Households in which At Least One Member: Percent of HHs Households Of Land Is Self Employed In Works for a Wage or Salary in That Receive Income that own land Owned Agriculture Agriculture From Multiple Sectors Other Other Living on less than $1 a day Rural Cote d'Ivoire 62.7% 300 37.2% 25.9% 52.4% 78.3% Guatemala 36.7% 29 64.4% 22.6% 31.4% 86.4% 83.8% India - Udaipur 98.9% 60 98.4% 5.9% 8.5% 90.7% 94.0% 40 72.1% 40.2% 2.0% 18.9% 41.8% 49.6% 60 49.8% 36.6% 31.1% 34.3% 50.4% 13.2% India - UP/Bihar Indonesia Mexico 4.0% 72.1% 4.9% 20.4% 2.8% 72.6% Nicaragua 50.4% 280 54.7% 11.6% 0.3% 42.8% 18.4% Pakistan 30.4% 162 72.1% 35.5% 32.6% 50.8% 66.8% 0.0% 0.0% Panama 85.1% 300 69.1% 17.7% Peru 65.5% 150 71.7% 25.2% 0.0% 9.1% South Africa 1.4% 19.2% 34.8% 27.9% 26.6% 0.4% Tanzania 92.3% 182 Timor Leste 95.2% 100 78.5% 12.0% Cote d'Ivoire 57.3% 300 35.0% 4.8% India - Hyderabad 17.6% 20 0.0% 18.0% 0.8% 89.8% 11.5% Indonesia 10.7% 5 9.6% 50.8% 35.6% 77.0% 56.9% Mexico 37.1% 27.3% 20.7% 24.3% 36.3% 24.2% Nicaragua 15.0% 350 24.9% 37.7% 0.0% 31.6% 8.3% Pakistan 1.5% 121 17.6% 51.2% 4.2% 67.2% 38.3% Peru 8.6% 100 6.2% 57.6% South Africa 0.0% 0.0% 6.8% 9.0% 46.4% 10.4% Urban 92.3% 26.3% 47.4% Guatemala 21.9% 0.0% Tanzania 71.9% 162 Timor Leste 89.8% 100 80.6% 7.6% Cote d'Ivoire 58.7% 300 25.3% 18.0% 39.1% 83.5% Guatemala 38.8% 31 61.9% 18.5% 30.4% 84.0% 81.2% India - Udaipur 98.9% 63 98.1% 6.7% 7.0% 86.9% 93.2% 51 74.5% 41.6% 1.6% 20.6% 44.8% 50.9% 50 55.4% 33.4% 32.4% 34.7% 48.9% 18.2% 2.1% Living on less than $2 a day Rural India - UP/Bihar Indonesia Mexico 2.3% 46.6% 7.6% 27.2% 1.1% 67.4% Nicaragua 47.9% 420 47.3% 23.2% 0.2% 34.8% 20.7% Pakistan 35.1% 162 75.3% 32.1% 26.4% 53.2% 64.4% 0.0% 0.0% Panama 70.5% 300 55.5% 3...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course ECON 541 at The University of British Columbia.

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