This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: ut some or all of the work to specialty trade contractors
Project owners occasionally contract with a design
build firm to perform both design and construction Root Causes for Construction
Accidents Inadequate construction planning
Lack of proper training
Deficient enforcement of training
Unsafe methods or sequencing
Unsafe site conditions
Not using safety equipment that was provided Toole, “Construction Site Safety Roles”, 2002 1 Accidents Linked to Design1,2
Accidents 22% of 226 injuries that occurred from 20002002 in Oregon, WA and CA
42% of 224 fatalities in US between 19902003
In Europe, a 1991 study concluded that 60% of fatal accidents resulted from decisions made before site work began Behm, “Linking Construction Fatalities to the Design for Construction Safety Concept”, 2005 1 European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions 2 Where Do Design Professionals
Fit Considering safety issues related to the permanent facility during the design stage
Designing out anticipated hazards Considering Safety During Design
Offers the Most Payoff1
High Conceptual Design
Procurement Ability to
Start-up Low Project Schedule
1 Szymberski 1987 What Types of Design Decisions?
What IBC paragraph 704.11.1 requires that a parapet wall be at least 30 inches high
OSHA 1926 Subpart M requires a 3642 inch guardrail or other fall protection
If the design professional specifies a 3642 inch high parapet wall, fall protection would not be required DfCS Process1
• Establish design for
• Include construction and
• Identify design for safety
process and tools Design
Kickoff Design Trade contractor
involvement Gambatese 1 Internal
Review • QA/QC
Review • Focused safety
• Owner review Issue for
Construction DfCS Barriers
DfCS Like many good ideas, DfCS faces a number of barriers that will likely slow its adoption.
Potential solutions to these barriers...
View Full Document
This document was uploaded on 03/04/2014 for the course HRM 305 at Boise State.
- Spring '13
- Human Resource Management