Disorders of Blood Flow in the Systemic Circulation

21 21 atherosclerosis atherosclerosis what is it 22

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Unformatted text preview: , Nursing considerations? Stop smoking Dietary changes, lose weight­ body mass index lower than 25, decrease saturated fats, decrease cholesterol Exercise Monitor B/P Monitor lipid levels Patient teaching 20 20 Outward Appearance Outward Hyperlipidemia – Xanthomas Hyperlipidemia Fatty tumors where the body has to dump these fatty plaques. 21 21 Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis What is it? 22 22 Types of Lesions Associated Types with Atherosclerosis with Fatty st Fatty streaks the wal – Thin, flat yellow intimal discolorations that Complic happen progressively enlarge MI or CV infarctio Fibrous atheromatous plaque – The accumulation of intracellular and extracellular lipids, proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells, and formation of scar tissue Complicated lesion – Contains hemorrhage, ulceration, and scar 23 23 tissue deposits Fully Developed Fibrous Plaque Endothelium injury Smooth Muscle Monocytes to area Macrophages role Foam cells Platelets Lipid core Plaque­fibrous cap 24 24 Clinical Manifestations of AtherosclerosisClinical What we see in...
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