Disorders of Blood Flow in the Systemic Circulation

Hypertension cardiomyopathies

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Unformatted text preview: 57 57 Classification of Pressure Ulcers – Classification Stage IV Stage Stage IV: full-thickness skin loss with extensive Stage destruction, necrosis, or damage to muscle, bone, other structures other 58 58 Heart Failure the inability of the heart to meet the needs of the body decrease in pumping ability, decrease in cardiac reserve (the ability to increase Cardiac output during increased activity) Alteration of adaptive mechanisms to maintain cardiac output. 59 59 Right Heart Failure Represents failure of the right heart to pump blood forward into the pulmonary circulation Blood backs up in the systemic circulation Causes peripheral edema and congestion of the abdominal organs 60 60 Causes of Right Sided Heart Failure Acute Myocardial Infarction When there is a ton body that is trying to through the heart it sometimes end up in failure. Hypertension Cardiomyopathies Volume overload (renal failure) Persistent left sided failure Acute or chronic pulmonary disease (cor pulmonale) 61 61 Right Sided Heart Failure Jugular Vein distension Abdominal region, spleen and liver enlargement, GI disturbances Ascites Dependent pitting edema 62 62 Left Heart Failure Represents failure of the left heart to move blood from pulmonary circulation into system circulation Blood backs up into the pulmonary circulation 63 63 Causes of Left Sided Heart Failure Acute Myocardial Infarction Cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle) Hypertension (significant ef...
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