Disorders of Blood Flow in the Systemic Circulation

Smitha57yearoldfemalewith

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Unformatted text preview: f vessel walls Arterial aneurysms – abnormal localized dilation of an artery due to a weakened vessel wall 9 Hypercholesterolemia What is it? What happens? Mrs. Smith a 57 year old female with history of hypercholesterolemia, smoker, hypertension, obese, cholesterol 240 mg/dl, HDL 37 …. 10 10 Lipids Lipids Triglycerides – Used in energy metabolism Phospholipids – Important structural constituents of lipoproteins, blood clotting components, the myelin sheath, and cell membranes Cholesterol – Chemical activity similar to other lipid substances 11 11 Types of Lipoproteins, Types Classified by Densities Classified Chylomicrons­largest of lipoprotein molecules synthesis in small intestine and liver­transport of dietary triglycerides and cholesterol. Very–low­density lipoprotein (VLDL) – Carries large amounts of triglycerides LDL is bad and HDL is good. 12 12 Types of Lipoproteins, Types Classified by Densities Classified Intermediate­density lipoprotein (IDL) Low­density lipoprotein (LDL) BAD – Main carrier of cholesterol High­density lipoprotein (HDL) GOOD – 50% protein HIGH GIRL, LOW BOY 13 13 National Cholesterol Education National Panel Recommendations Total Cholesterol – < 200 mg/dL Desirable – 200 ­239 Borderline high – > 240high 14 14 National Cholesterol Education National Panel Recommendations HDL Cholesterol – <40 low – > 60 h...
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