**Unformatted text preview: **0 to 360 degrees) of the exact center of the end of the pointer. • What would be the density func4on? • What would be the distribu4on func4on A less intui4ve, more useful in mathema4cal probability theory, view of random variables. • There is a great big sample space of all the ways (the relevant part of) the world could turn out, equipped with a probability func4on. • A random variable is a real- valued func4on on the probability space. Categorical data? No problem! • Indicator func4ons • A variable that is 0 or 1 according to whether or not the observa4on falls into a par4cular set. – Randomly choose a student from the second row and record the student’s NAME. – Indicator that the NAME is <ﬁll in in class> is a random variable. Join...

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