Lecture 8

aldo leopold p 224 225 valuing nature two schools of

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Unformatted text preview: t when it tends to preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community. It is wrong when it tends otherwise.- Aldo Leopold (p. 224-225) Valuing Nature Two schools of thought: Anthropocentric • Nature only has the value(s) that humans assign to it. Biocentric • Nature has intrinsic value (value unto itself). Valuing Nature Biocentric (respect for nature) •Moral obligations extend to non ­human species. •4 components of biocentricism: 1. Humans are (one) part of Earth s community. 2. Earth s ecosystems are all integrated. 3. Each organism has a purpose... the functions that they carry out have value/worth. 4. All organisms are equal. Taylor (1981)...
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