S gannouni dr a touir introduction to oop defining the

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Unformatted text preview: am. – Compile the program. – Run the program. – Test and debug the program. Page 7 Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Introduction to OOP Defining the Problem • The problem must be defined in terms of: – Input: Data to be processed. – Output: The expected result. • Look for nouns in the problem statement that suggest output and input. – and processing: The statements to achieve. • Look for verbs to suggest processing steps. output data input data Keyboard Page 8 Processing Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Screen Introduction to OOP Input and Output • Inputs – Can come from many sources, such as users, files, and other programs – Can take on many forms, such as text, graphics, and sound • Outputs – Can also take on many forms, such as numbers, text, graphics, sounds, or commands to other programs Page 9 Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Introduction to OOP Example 1 Area and Perimeter of a rectangle • Input – Length – width • Processing – Area = length*width – Perimeter = 2*( length + width) • Output – Area – Perimeter Page 10 Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Introduction to OOP Example 2 Sum and Average of 5 numbers • Input – five number x1, x2, x3, x4, x5 • Processing – Sum = x1+x2+x3+x4+x5 – Average = Sum/5 • Output – Sum – Average Page 11 Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Introduction to OOP Example 3 Area and Perimeter of a circle • Input – Radius – PI • Processing – Area = PI * Radius * Radius – Perimeter = 2 * PI * Radius • Output – Area – Perimeter Page 12 Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Introduction to OOP Planning the Solution • When planning, algorithms are used to outline the solution steps using Englishlike statements, called pseudocode. Page 13 Dr. S. GANNOUNI & Dr. A. TOUIR Introduction to OOP Coding the Program • Coding is writing the program in a formal language called Programming Language. • Programming Language : A set of rules, symbols and special words...
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