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Chapter 12 – Alcohol and Tobacco

Higher rate of problems than other students o miss

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Unformatted text preview: at increase risk of harm • mortality rates increase with the amount of alcohol consumed • mortality rate for alcoholics: 2.5 times higher Interaction with Other Drugs • of 100 most frequently prescribed drugs, half contain ingredient(s) that interact adversely with alcohol • alcohol dangerous when combined with antidepressants or anti- anxiety medications • aspirin – enhances impact of alcohol – lowers body’s ability to break down alcohol in stomach, resulting in higher BAC Drinking in Canada • alcohol is substance most commonly used by Canadian youth Why People Drink • most common reason: to relax – depresses CNS – makes people feel less tense • celebrate important occasions • friendship • lowering inhibitions • self- medication • role modelling • Canadian undergraduates: social reasons primary motivation o enjoy taste or enhance meal o celebrate o be sociable or polite o get drunk o feel good o relax o comply with others Drinking on University Campuses • diverse drinking patterns • light infrequent drinking (less than five drinks on days they drink, and weekly drinking) – 39% • one- third reported heavy drinking patterns – five or more drinks per typical drinking day – linked to increased risk of alcohol- related problems • majority of students drink twice a month or less • most consume 1- 4 drinks at parties or bars • most overestimate both the quantity and frequency of drinking by peers Binge Drinking • consumption of five or more alcoholic drinks in a raw by men and four or more by women • leading cause of preventable death among undergraduates • most serious threat to their intellectual, physical, psychological development • highest rates of binge drinking: male students living in residence, low academic orientation, high recreational orientation • experience far higher rate of problems than other students: o miss classes o vandalize property...
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