Chapter 5 – Personal Nutrition

Omega 3 fatty acids found in fish make molecules such

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Unformatted text preview: K o aid in vitamin absorption in intestine o protect organs from injury o regulate body temperature o play role in growth and development • saturated fats and unsaturated fasts – distinguished by type of fatty acids in chemical structure o unsaturated fats – likely to be liquid at room temperature (oils) o saturated fats – likely to be solid at room temperature (butter) o in general: fish and vegetable oils – unsaturated, animal fats – saturated • trans- fatty acids: created in process of hydrogenation – behave like saturated fats in terms of raising cholesterol levels, but twice as damaging as saturated fat • cholesterol: form of fat manufactured by body that circulates in blood o HDL: high density lipoprotein – “good” cholesterol – help transport cholesterol to liver for metabolism and elimination o LDL: low density lipoprotein – “bad” cholesterol – transport cholesterol to body’s cells but can accumulate on inner walls of arteries, forming plaque • omega- 3 fatty acids, found in fish – make molecules such as prostaglandins that...
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