Chapter 3 – Psychosocial Health

Can also alter thinking o hopelessness and

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Unformatted text preview: decline in quality of life, loss of relationships • medication side effects – contributing factor • physical illness – affect physiological mechanisms such as neurotransmitters, hormones, immune system • cigarette smoking – nicotine alters brain chemistry and worsens symptoms of depression Suicide • suicidal behaviour – important and preventable public health problem • highly correlated with mental illness • can be tragic consequence of emotional and psychological problems • constellation of influences – mental disorders, personality traits, biologic and genetic vulnerability, medical illness, psychosocial stressors – may combine in ways that lower an individual’s threshold of vulnerability • school pressures, social difficulties, drug & alcohol use, family problems, confusion about sexual orientation – may contribute factors linked to suicide: o more than 95 % of those who commit suicide have a mental disorder o many drink beforehand – use of alcohol may lower inhibitions o drug abuse can also alter thinking o hopelessness and helplessness may be most common contributing factors o family member who tried to commit...
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