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7marxnotes - Commentary on Marx The first thing we noted...

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Commentary on Marx The first thing we noted regarding the philosophical underpinning of Marx’s The Communist Manifesto is that he followed G. W. F. Hegel’s hypothesis of the dialectical development of history. What the term “dialectical” meant for Hegel is an antagonistic relationship between opposites (such as “spirit” and “matter”), conceived as “thesis” and “antithesis,” that would resolve itself, over time and in stages, into a final “synthesis.” What is important to note here is that Hegel introduces into this teleological paradigm, which we have identified as Parmenidean, the notion of becoming and temporality that is not conceived as something to be overcome, but as a necessary ingredient in the achievement of an end of history, of a kind of “stasis” that Parmenides calls “Being.” Now Marx builds on Hegel’s program of the teleology of Thesis/ Antithesis > Synthesis, that is, on Hegel’s view of history as an evolutionary dialectical process with a pre- existing end, with a significant distinction, however. Marx does not see the antagonism that drives the dialectical process as taking place between opposites like “matter” and “spirit,” but between classes. Marx sees the fundamental basis of history in terms of
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7marxnotes - Commentary on Marx The first thing we noted...

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