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Unformatted text preview: In a word, culture and language are inseparable. Metaphors about
culture Some people say that language is the mirror of culture, in the sense that
people can see a culture through its language. Another metaphor used
to symbolize language and culture is the iceberg. The visible part is the
language, with a small part of culture; the greater part, lying hidden
beneath the surface, is the invisible aspect of culture. This author’s
of language and culture is conveyed through the
following three new metaphors.
From a philosophical view: language + culture -> a living organism
Language and culture makes a living organism; language is flesh, and
culture is blood. Without culture, language would be dead; without
language, culture would have no shape. 328 ELT Journal Volume 54/4 October 2000 © Oxford University Press 2000 articles welcome From a communicative view: language
swimming skill water -> swimming (communication) Communication
is swimming, language is the swimming skill, and
culture is water. Without language, communication would remain to a
very limited degree (in very shallow water); without culture, there would
be no communication at all.
From a pragmatic view:
language + culture
vehicle (communication) Communication is like transportation: language is the vehicle and culture
is traffic light. Language makes communication easier and faster; culture
regulates, sometimes promotes and sometimes hinders communication....
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- Winter '13