ConvWestMidtermSG

ConvWestMidtermSG - Conversations of West 19th Century and...

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Conversations of West: 19 th  Century and Antiquity  Midterm Study Guide  (Ulfers) Parmenides & Heraclitus Parmenides of Elea o The “real” is conceived as “being”. The “truth” is only in relation to what “is”. o Being- “oneness”, “timelessness”, never can come into being, always is,  imperishable, unchangeable, completely homogenous. o Exclusion of plurality and change—these cannot happen. Only seems like  there is a change because of an illusion. o Dualistic, metaphysical worldview. o Our world of change is a state of temporality caused by a ‘fall’ and we are  promised to return to a place that will take is into a realm of “being” from  “becoming”. Heraclitus of Ephesus o Presupposes no “being”. o Change and temporality is ultimate. o Everything is in perpetual becoming. They become and pass away—they  never  are . o Notion of the unity of opposites—“chiasmus”. Crossing over or interlacing of  opposites. o Chiasmic unity means the entanglement of opposites or fusion  and  separation. o “Both-and” that transgresses Parmenidean’s logic of “either/or”.  o Fragment 8: The counter-thrust brings together, and from tones at variance comes  perfect attunement, and all things come to pass through conflict. o Fragment 10: Graspings: wholes and not wholes, convergent divergent, consonant  dissonant, from all things one and from one thing all. o Fragment 51: They do not comprehend how a thing agrees at variance with itself; it  is an attunement turning back on itself.
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