Early Colonialism Notes.docx - Early Colonialism Notes...

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Early Colonialism NotesIdentity - What makes a nation?What is national identity?What the citizens of a nation see themselves asWhat is American identity?Individualism, exceptionalism, “freedom,” nationalism, diversity, multiple cultures brought togetherAnswer to the James Baldwin quote:What Baldwin was trying to say is that people often gloss over parts of American history. For example, many people forget about the terrible things this country did in the name of “freedom” and “liberty.” For example, not many people talk about the war crimes committed by the United States.PuritanismCalvinismPredetermination, god decides who is saved beforebirth. Wanted to purify Church of England from CatholicismSeparatistsBeliefs:Church of England allowed all subjects of the Crown to join so the Separatists felt they were sharing a church with the ‘damned.’ Total break from Church of EnglandThe Mayflower1620 → 102 people, half separatistsNegotiated with Virginia Company to settleNon separatists included leader Captain Miles StandishPlymouth Bay way outside domain of Virginia companyWere not legally allowed to settle in MassachusettsMayflower Compact -11 November 1620Agreement among adult males to set up government and make rules/laws in PlymouthWritten and signed before disembarkingAgreement to form crude govt. And submit to majority ruleLed to assemblies making laws in town meetingsEarly ideas = democracy and self-rule.Revolutionary ideas didn’t really start in 1776.Covenant TheologyCovenant of Grace:Between Puritan communities and GodSocial Covenant:Between members of Puritan communities with each otherRequired mutual watchfulnessNo toleration of deviance/disorderNo privacy/individualism.

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