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Unformatted text preview: mostly white or yellow and contains WBC, decidual cells, epithelial cells, fat,
cervical mucus, cholesterol crystals, and bacteria. This discharge will cease when the cervix
closes. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012).
3. Define each of the following and discuss the physiology behind their occurrence:
a.) Afterpains: Occur for 2 to 3 days postpartally and are caused by the uterus contracting in
order to return to a prepregnancy state. The oxytocin, which is the main hormone that
causes contractions in labor, when released from breastfeeding and residual oxytocin
from labor cause an increase in the strength of the uterine contractions in the days after
birth. This is painful and severely uncomfortable for the mother, and is more common in
women who are multiparous. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). b.) Postpartal diaphoresis: is a compensatory mechanism of the integumentary system to rid
the mother’s body of excess pregnancy water. It is extra and often heavy sweating that
may occur as the mother’s body rids itself of excess fluids and wastes. The mother
should change her gown if it becomes too damp. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig,
2012). c.) Postpartal chill: Tremors that generally occur right after birth. However, as long as they
are not followed by a fever, this is a normal occurrence. If a fever does not follow, this
indicates an infection. The cause of these tremors is not completely understood. Some
theories are that the pelvic nerves are triggered by the sudden release of pressure after the
baby is born, or a fetus-to-mother transfusion that occurs when the placenta separates
from the mother, or from the anesthesia used in an epidural. (Davidson, London, and
Ladewig, 2012). 4. Define/discuss Lactation. Items to include in your discussion include:
4 hormones associated with lactation
patient education points
F_2013 Joshua Fleming Lactation is the production of milk in the mammary glands and occurs in the pregnant and
new mother. Milk production i...
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This document was uploaded on 03/05/2014 for the course NURS 352 at Liberty University Duplicate School.
- Fall '13