Lochia alba is mostly white or yellow and contains

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Unformatted text preview: mostly white or yellow and contains WBC, decidual cells, epithelial cells, fat, cervical mucus, cholesterol crystals, and bacteria. This discharge will cease when the cervix closes. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). 3. Define each of the following and discuss the physiology behind their occurrence: a.) Afterpains: Occur for 2 to 3 days postpartally and are caused by the uterus contracting in order to return to a prepregnancy state. The oxytocin, which is the main hormone that causes contractions in labor, when released from breastfeeding and residual oxytocin from labor cause an increase in the strength of the uterine contractions in the days after birth. This is painful and severely uncomfortable for the mother, and is more common in women who are multiparous. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). b.) Postpartal diaphoresis: is a compensatory mechanism of the integumentary system to rid the mother’s body of excess pregnancy water. It is extra and often heavy sweating that may occur as the mother’s body rids itself of excess fluids and wastes. The mother should change her gown if it becomes too damp. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). c.) Postpartal chill: Tremors that generally occur right after birth. However, as long as they are not followed by a fever, this is a normal occurrence. If a fever does not follow, this indicates an infection. The cause of these tremors is not completely understood. Some theories are that the pelvic nerves are triggered by the sudden release of pressure after the baby is born, or a fetus-to-mother transfusion that occurs when the placenta separates from the mother, or from the anesthesia used in an epidural. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). 4. Define/discuss Lactation. Items to include in your discussion include: a. 4 hormones associated with lactation b. patient education points c. potential concerns F_2013 Joshua Fleming Lactation is the production of milk in the mammary glands and occurs in the pregnant and new mother. Milk production i...
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This document was uploaded on 03/05/2014 for the course NURS 352 at Liberty University Duplicate School.

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