Lochia is vaginal discharge that occurs after birth.
It is important in the healing process of
the uterus and placental site.
The three stages are lochia rubra, lochia serosa, and lochia alba.
Lochia ruba is red and contains epithelial cells, RBC, WBC, bacteria, decidua, fetal
meconium, lanugo, and vernix caseosa.
This discharge usually occurs for up to 3 days
Lochia serosa is pink and contains exudate, decidua, RBC, WBC, cervical
mucosa, and microorganisms.
It should occur between the 3rd and 10th postpartum day.
Lochia alba is mostly white or yellow and contains WBC, decidual cells, epithelial cells, fat,
cervical mucus, cholesterol crystals, and bacteria.
This discharge will cease when the cervix
(Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012).