Milk production is caused by prolactin progesterone

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Unformatted text preview: s caused by prolactin, progesterone and estrogens. Oxytocin is also produced in response to sucking by an infant. Prolactin is the main hormone in the production of milk, and is stimulated by stimulations of the stretch receptors in the nipple. Estrogens and progesterones generally inhibit milk production. Oxytocin causes milk ejection into the mammary ducts. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). Mothers should be taught advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding their infants. Mothers with transmittable infections or taking medications that can transfer through breast milk should always consider formula when feeding their infants. Mothers should also be taught ways to hold their infants if they choose to breastfeed that will put less strain on the the mother’s backs. Mothers should be given ointments, such as Purelan 100, to put on their nipples if they begin to chap or bleed. 5. Define/describe postpartum blues/baby blues (include rationale). Postpartum blues is a short period of depression for a mother after the baby is born. It is characterized by mood swings, anger, weepiness, anorexia, difficulty sleeping and letdown. It is currently believed that changing hormones, unsupportive environments, insecurities, fatigue, discomfort, and overstimulation may all play a part in postpartum blues. Postpartum blues should go away between 10 and 14 days but if not, the woman may have postpartum depression. (Davidson, London & Ladewig, 2012). 6. Define/describe post partum depression (include rationale). Postpartum depression is a depressed state that sometimes occurs after pregnancy, and shares the same symptoms of depression at any other period in life. Treating postpartum depression is more complicated because all antidepressants are secreted in breastmilk. It is believed the cause of postpartum depression can be drawn from a number of sources including doubt about continuing the pregnancy, postpartum blues, history of depression, lack of social support, lack of stability in the home, woman’s dissatisfaction with herself, poverty, complications during delivery, and more. (Davidso...
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This document was uploaded on 03/05/2014 for the course NURS 352 at Liberty University Duplicate School.

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