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Unformatted text preview: s caused by prolactin, progesterone and estrogens. Oxytocin
is also produced in response to sucking by an infant. Prolactin is the main hormone in the
production of milk, and is stimulated by stimulations of the stretch receptors in the nipple.
Estrogens and progesterones generally inhibit milk production. Oxytocin causes milk
ejection into the mammary ducts. (Davidson, London, and Ladewig, 2012). Mothers should
be taught advantages and disadvantages of breastfeeding their infants. Mothers with
transmittable infections or taking medications that can transfer through breast milk should
always consider formula when feeding their infants. Mothers should also be taught ways to
hold their infants if they choose to breastfeed that will put less strain on the the mother’s
backs. Mothers should be given ointments, such as Purelan 100, to put on their nipples if
they begin to chap or bleed.
5. Define/describe postpartum blues/baby blues (include rationale).
Postpartum blues is a short period of depression for a mother after the baby is born. It is
characterized by mood swings, anger, weepiness, anorexia, difficulty sleeping and letdown. It is
currently believed that changing hormones, unsupportive environments, insecurities, fatigue,
discomfort, and overstimulation may all play a part in postpartum blues. Postpartum blues should go
away between 10 and 14 days but if not, the woman may have postpartum depression. (Davidson,
London & Ladewig, 2012). 6. Define/describe post partum depression (include rationale).
Postpartum depression is a depressed state that sometimes occurs after pregnancy, and shares
the same symptoms of depression at any other period in life. Treating postpartum depression
is more complicated because all antidepressants are secreted in breastmilk. It is believed the
cause of postpartum depression can be drawn from a number of sources including doubt
about continuing the pregnancy, postpartum blues, history of depression, lack of social
support, lack of stability in the home, woman’s dissatisfaction with herself, poverty,
complications during delivery, and more. (Davidso...
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This document was uploaded on 03/05/2014 for the course NURS 352 at Liberty University Duplicate School.
- Fall '13