Richard Suarez US History Prof. Clark November 28, 2011
Suarez 2 As communism became more and more predominant in the Northeastern hemisphere of the world, the United States became more and more concerned about it. Throughout the 1940’s through the 1960’s, there have been clashes between communism versus capitalism. One of the many conflicts that involved both ideologies was the Vietnam War. From Novermber 1 st , 1957 to the fall of Saigon on April 30 th , 1975, the Vietnam War was a devastating defeat for Americans and Southern Vietnamese people as well. The United States went primarily to stop the spread of communism to bordering countries of China. They could not allow another country be engulfed by the communistic ways. To the Untied States, who claimed to prevent the proliferation of communism, this War become very crucial part of history because it was the first defeat for the Americans and not to mention the tool it took on the economics as well as to the society as a whole. This began skepticism about the government in the United States from the people because the majority of the people disagree with the war. The citizens of America questioned as to why the country had to get involved with a civil war that was accruing outside of the continent. Every country has its reasons to go into war and Vietnam was no different. Vietnam had plenty of struggles in history. One can say that the results of past battles and wars with Vietnam became inadvertently causes to the start of the Vietnam War. In hindsight, you can see the slow domino effect that led Vietnam in to such a state of war between itself and other countries. Prior to the Vietnam War, Vietnam had countless struggles to maintain France out of the country. The French first began to colonize Vietnam along with another Southeastern Asian country, Cambodia, in 1887. The French took control over Vietnam because it was a profitable country to them. Vietnam had good supplies of tin, coal,
Suarez 3 rubber and zinc. To the French, Vietnam would provide a good market for them and by 1893, about fifty-seven percent of Vietnam’s imports were being provided from France. Of course, the French had to build roads and canals to create a network to transport the goods to Vietnam and this resulted in new plantations and mines. The French have become a huge impact on the Vietnamese economy and culture, and those who resisted suffered cruel punishments. Vietnamese people were forced to work and if they tried to escape their jobs, they were sent to jail. So that the French remain control over the larger population in Vietnam, they allowed education to those they deemed loyal. Amongst the few students, was Ho Chi Minh, the future communist activist and rebel to fight the French off Vietnamese ground. Ho Chi Minh became enlightened by communism from learning about the Russian Revolution. Because of this, in 1924, Ho Chi Minh went to Moscow in which he got inspired to free the Vietnamese people. To Ho Chi Minh, “it
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