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Organ Transplant1Organ transplant and its effect in modern medicineNhan (Ryan) PhanHEIT 110
ORGAN TRANSPLANT2Organ transplant and its effect in modern medicineClinical organ transplantation is regarded as one of the most important advances inmodern medicine It provides a second chance at life for patients with terminal illnesses thatcould benefit from organ donation.Organ transplantation has changed a lot in the last decade,this paper aims to discover the importance of organ transplantation and its affect in modernmedicine.Organ transplant in historyScientists have been experimenting with organ transplant in animals and humans as earlyas the 1800s but the idea of replacing damaged body parts have been around for much longerbefore that. According to Jones (2013) in “Historical Overview of Transplantation”, the envisionof organ transplantation started as early as 1000 B.C with a detailed record written by the Indiansurgeon Samhita about the use of autogenous skin flaps to repair nose injuries. They have alsotried using homografts (skin grafts from a donor of the same species as the recipient) and for along time the supporters of this method still claim that it worked for some unknown reason, butbecause it is not from the same body, the rejection possibility was through the roof. Autograft(skin graft from one area of the same body to another) technique received an update much laterin Italy, around 16thcentury by doctor Gasparo Tagliacozzi, who managed to retained theiroriginal blood supply of the autografts, the more complicated hurdles of immunologic barriersand of vascular anastomoses were avoided (asnjournals.org). Physicians and patients back in theold days were some brave souls.In 19thcentury, skin grafting achieved a new milestone with the first successful skintransplant done by a famous surgeon in Switzerland named Jacques-Louis Reverdin whose workset a strong foundation for the first successful skin graft in Denmark one year later.
ORGAN TRANSPLANT3Organ transplant in the modern era.Not until 60 years ago physicians would see a significant increase in success cases withthe first successful kidney transplant from one twin to another in 1954 by Dr Joeseph E. Murrayas a big “banner year”. In 1968, we had the first successful pancreas transplant ever, and also theformation of the very first organization for transplant professional called Southeast OrganProcurement Foundation (SEOPF). For a decade, SEOPF developed an organ matching system

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