Drive for power produced the same effect the

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ntury saw the death of many empires- major empires that failed; Russian, austro- hungarian, ottoman, german, Japanese, soviet//// colonial: Spanish, British, French, Portuguese (only came down in 1874) Reasons for Failure: militarily- very viable- ottoman empire was a military machine- building slave armies- entire ottoman military system based on genecaries- they were christain children taken from families in an annual recruitment campaign- agents of sultan going to bosnia, Serbia etc- each village had to fulfill a quota- processions of young boys towards Istanbul- genecaries- could rise up in military- slaves rose up- but, you couldn’t marry, have kids or pass down property- so their lives were all about the sultan- loyalty total and unconditional=- this formula worked like crazy- all of Europe conquered- temp equil was knocked off- human nature seeped through- got around rules- in end, loyalty changed- slave armies- ancient idea- all outdone by chinese emperors- found out solution- they wont have kids if cant- the eunich- “fixed” the soldiers- but infection could set in- a few weeks to figure out if success- made fortune in family- adopted by family to bring them pride- had thousands of eunichs- the ultimate loyal force- they dnot have lives- no parochial interests- is power stronger than sex? Drive for power produced the same effect- the effective org of political power weakened 1. formed by external conquest, internally weak- ottomans never governed much, just want to raise taxes- didn’t care about changing religion, language etc- just want taxes- not able to generate growth and compete with west- as decays, corruption creeps in, “low reach” states 2. undone by the “rise of nations”- the politics of national identity 3. “performance failure”- a major cause- both among the subjects and their rulers- corruprion- from decay patrimonialism- corruption in king’s helpers Attempts at Survival: create an imperial nationalism- based on ruling people- turkification, russification, magyarization- but created backlash from the people left out by this- backlash against nationalism divide and rule- identify common enemies- roman expert at this- turn Bulgarians against greeks- everyone against jews (in Russian empire)- Hungarians vs Austrians- they would fight each other and not you- nurture a commonwealth perspective- offer cultural autonomy or superiority- promote the advantaged of large size etc- british commonwealth, French cultural identity- Russian literature case of Russian/Soviet empire most amazing- how communists were able to take Russian empire and in wake of dest of WW1, they managed to create the prism...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/06/2014 for the course GOVT 121 at Georgetown.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online