Compltelty total dictatorship bhy secular party failed

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Unformatted text preview: Russian as first or second language- it confronts Russia with the question who are we? Other than the empire we used to be- country in which the state has always loomed large and in which many functions we think of as private are performed by the state- even though the model of the soviet state was derived from Marxist framework- state central in Russian thinking- key to progress and national survival- difficulties of moving from totalitarianism to a market economy and democracy- western social science is dominated by regimes liberalizing- a natural progression or path from totalitarian/utilitarian, the forces of improved education drive states to democracies and capitalism- “document of transition” – cant generalize though across- with this transition model, comparitivists were confident that it could be generalized, but it is no longer the case culture in which corruption is endemic- to the point where one had to ask “what is corruption”? the loyalty to groups and individuals other than the formal state structure- spread under the putin regime- basic functions of state are overwhelmed by leakage of state resources to the elite, undermining the popularity of putin- has undergone 2 major revolutions in less than a century- the second aimed at “undoing” the first- early 1990’s civilized and normal- we want to be like everyone else- underlying meanings of demonstrations in Moscow- Moscow middle class- want to be normal and civilized - theme: revolution as one outcome of political decay- but different from state failure- state failiure- insts of the state causes decay- corruption causes this, but diff from revolution- revolution is a contest for control of the machinery- soviets had major ambitions to control- Russians are freer today than ever before - theme: revolution are conducted against the state, but frequently result in a state that is stronger than before- Similarity between Russia and Soviet: many people and land under single ruler- Bolsheviks did rev of 1919 to protest prison of nations, but ended the same based on Russian nationalism similar foreign policies- expansion theme and absorption and russification- imp of Russian lang viewed as ult- putkin (natl poet) and marx top down policies without formal popular consent- both thought russ backwards and needed to bring up, effort sponsored by state executed top down without popular consent- two cycles of “authoritarian modernixation” under peter the great and stalin and two great cycles of “liberalizing reform” under alex II and Gorbachev- but still issued from the top- amalgam of local customs and elites Differences: to...
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